Many are aware of the beneficial properties of silver. Therefore, today we suggest talking about how to clean silver at home. Indeed, over time, this metal darkens, ugly spots appear on it. In this article, you will get acquainted with the most proven methods and recipes. You will find out which way helps to remove dirt from jewelry with stones, as well as a lot of other useful information.
Why does the color of silver change?
Before you clean silver at home, we suggest that you first find out the main reasons why this metal is getting dark?
Scientists at Harvard University have found that silver reacts with a variety of elements. Here is a list of the main reasons that affect color:
- High humidity in the room or contact of the metal with wet skin,
- Human sweat. Silver begins to darken when a lot of sulfur is released in the secretion of sweat,
- Contact with cosmetics and other foods
- Wrong storage method
- Poor metal.
Now that you know why silver is getting dark, you can begin the cleaning step. But here there are certain rules and difficulties. After all, you can choose the wrong method, and thereby spoil the product. And to prevent this from happening, we recommend deciding on a list of the following factors.
Pay attention to:
- product sample and metal composition,
- the presence of precious stones
- pollution level
- the size of the item.
Remember important information: use stronger chemistry for ordinary jewelry. If the product has pebbles, enamel or engraving, then use gentle methods.
Why is it getting dark
It’s unpleasant when you put on a silver jewelry and notice how it turned black strongly for no apparent reason. The owners are interested in the question: why did the silver go dark? Darkening is considered the biggest drawback of products from this precious metal. In its pure form, it is relatively soft and ductile, therefore, when manufacturing products, copper is added to it. This is the reason for its high sensitivity to environmental factors.
Interacting with sulfur compounds every time, being in the open air, a silver jewelry changes its color from yellowish to dark blue and even black. Therefore, lovers constantly wear jewelry from this metal have to decide how to clean silver at home. To protect the metal surface from darkening, manufacturers use a number of technological methods:
- white boiling
- by rhodium
How to clean
It is impossible to answer the question of how and how to clean darkened silver at home, since several important factors must be taken into account when answering:
- what sample does a precious metal or alloy have
- are there any stones, gilding, enamel and other elements,
- type and degree of pollution,
- the size.
Using various devices, napkins and folk methods, you can quickly and effectively clean silver jewelry and tableware. There are ways to clean darkened silver, but when choosing an option you need to remember the rules:
- the use of aggressive cleaning agents is possible only for simple silver jewelry and household items,
- cleaning products with stones, gilding, enamel and engraving is permissible only by gentle methods,
- filigree silver jewelry with a high fineness is best left to clean professionals.
Toothpaste or toothpaste
Many familiar to us tools that are best suited for cleaning silverware at home. Of these, two options are toothpaste or tooth powder. The last agent is ordinary chalk, which is obtained by chemical precipitation. Although, frankly, today on the shelves of stores tooth powder can not be found. But, of course, everyone has a toothpaste. True, you will have to buy ordinary white paste for your chain. Gel paste, popular today, is not suitable for silver cleaning. And then everything is very simple: take a toothbrush (just not too hard), squeeze out the paste and start brushing.
Many people use vinegar for various purposes, in particular, in the kitchen this is the usual way to disinfect objects and surfaces. And I must admit that in some situations it acts more effectively than other special cleaning products. But, when cleaning silver at home, we must not forget that this acid is aggressive. Therefore, deciding on the manipulation of vinegar, you need to imagine how to properly clean it. All recipes for vinegar cleaning are as follows:
- 1 tbsp. table vinegar is poured into a small container,
- heated to approximately 60 ° C and removed from heat,
- darkened silverware is placed in warm vinegar and left for 10-15 minutes,
- after the time they are removed from the tank, washed with clean water and wiped with a woolen or suede cloth.
This method is best suited for the prophylactic care of slightly darkened silver jewelry.
The hostess has a bag of citric acid in a box with spices and seasonings, and some have more than one. For what purposes only do not use this assistant in the kitchen. But even some experienced housewives do not know how to clean silverware with citric acid. And to do this is not so difficult. It is necessary to hold silver for some time in its hot solution.
Therefore, cleaning the darkened silver with citric acid is done in a water bath. Pour one glass of water into a bowl and pour 40 g of lemons. We put a pot of water on the stove. We install a bowl with a solution in it, bring the water to a boil and reduce the heat. We place silver items in the solution and hold in it for 20 minutes. Then we take out, wash and wipe with a soft cloth.
The easiest way to restore the original shine at home to the darkened silver is to peel it with potatoes. This vegetable is rich in starch, which is a natural abrasive. Therefore, the problem of how to clean silver is solved simply - we clean the potatoes, pour water and set it to cook. And after pouring into a small container of potato broth we put darkened metal in it. In this way, the easiest way to cleanse, because the cleansing will occur, of course. Potato broth saturated with starch in 15–20 minutes will return the lost luster to the precious metal.
Silver Cleansing Foil
Another effective way to restore the luster of a faded silverware is to clean it with food foil. For carrying out cleaning manipulations, dissolve 1-2 tbsp. In 0.5 l of water. l drinking soda. Cover the bottom of a small enameled pan with food foil. Pour the soda solution into the pan, put on the fire and bring to a boil. Immerse the silverware in the boiling solution and cook for 15–20 minutes. Then rinse under running water and wipe the product. Those who are interested in how to clean silver with foil should be aware that this can be done in another way. When using it, all actions are similar, but salt is used instead of soda. After cleaning procedures, the products are placed in a soapy solution, and then thoroughly washed with clean water.
How to clean silver with soda and salt
Method 1. Silver often darkens. To give it a pristine look, you need to prepare a thick mixture from 50 g of baking soda and two tablespoons of water. With this mixture, gently clean the products, and then rinse them with clean water and wipe well.
Method 2. Dip the silverware in boiling water mixed with a little soda. Then rinse them well and wipe dry.
Method 3. Dilute a teaspoon of salt in a glass of hot water, lower the silver jewelry there and let stand for two hours. Soaking can be replaced by boiling for ten minutes.
Method 4. If there are a lot of silver products (for example, spoons), they are placed in a basin, pour soda, pour hot water and wait half an hour. Then the products are thoroughly washed and wiped dry.
Housewives in the kitchen use olive oil for different purposes. Admiring the capabilities of this useful product, the question arises of how to clean darkened silver with olive oil. It really softens the dirt and deposits on this precious metal, even without boiling, then they can easily be removed with a soft brush. But it should be noted that, unlike other methods, such a cleaning of silver is not highly efficient. Therefore, it is better to use it for the preventive care of slightly darkened jewelry, as well as for polishing them in order to increase shine.
What you need to know about cleaning silver items
By the way, in this and subsequent recipes you can not use rough brushes or sponges so as not to scratch a valuable thing.
Soft sponges, a lightweight cloth or soft toothbrushes are best suited for cleaning or polishing.
All these methods can be applied without fear only when cleaning silver products without precious stones and jewelry from another material. After all, it is not known how another alloy or stone will behave.
It is worth knowing about the quality of silver jewelry. Indeed, very often they use not pure silver, but alloy or only silvering.
It is advisable to clean silverware with precious stones only with special products that are sold in jewelry stores. Such funds will definitely not ruin your silver. Better yet, entrust this mission to professionals. Indeed, before starting work, the jeweler carefully examines the silver product to determine its exact composition and not to spoil the thing. This is especially true of antiques or expensive jewelry.
Another of the tools available to clean silver jewelry is hydrogen peroxide. Some owners are afraid to use this tool, because if used improperly, they can become even darker. To get the result you need to soak silver for 2-3 hours in a soap solution. Pour 5 ml of hydrogen peroxide and 10 ml of ammonia into a glass (ammonia is not suitable). While the reaction is in progress, “bathe” all the jewelry in the mixture. As soon as the reaction of ammonia and peroxide stops, you need to add a little peroxide and continue to “bathe” the jewelry. After cleaning, immerse the product in soapy water and rinse in clean water. All darkening disappears instantly.
Cleaning silver with ammonia (ammonia)
- Mix the chalk with a small amount of ammonia and rub the silver items with this mixture. Then rinse them in clean water and wipe well.
- Mix tooth powder and ammonia until gruel. Apply the mixture to the product and allow to dry. Then wipe clean with a soft cloth.
- Dark plaque from silver products is well removed with soapy water with a small amount of ammonia.
- Mix tooth powder, ammonia and water in a ratio of 1: 2: 5. In this solution, wet a soft cloth and thoroughly wipe the silver items. After fifteen minutes, rinse them well and wipe dry.
Cleaning silver jewelry with stones with ammonia must be carried out very carefully. After all, it is not known how this pebble will behave if ammonia gets on it. For example, ammonia is contraindicated in pearls!
Another improvised tool for cleaning from blackness is sodium salt. Since there are several types, it must be borne in mind that only a certain sodium salt is used for this purpose. At home, silver can be cleaned with sodium bicarbonate, baking soda, as it is usually called in everyday life. There are many recipes for the use of soda, but none of them are used in dry form.
Soda powder is classified as an abrasive. Therefore, for cleansing manipulation, a creamy slurry is prepared from salt and soda, diluting them with a small amount of water. Soda gruel is applied to the darkened product and begin to rub with a soft toothbrush. But if you put jewelry for 10 minutes in a slurry of soda and ammonia, then you do not even have to rub it, all the impurities go away themselves. After any cleaning procedure, be sure to dip them in soapy water, rinse under the tap and dry thoroughly.
Silver ammonia can also be cleaned with ammonia. Cleansing manipulations with it are effective and simple, because they are performed at home. They are quite gentle, because ammonia does not affect the metal, but helps to remove an oxide film from it, so there is no risk in its use. To prepare the solution, mix one teaspoon of ammonia in a glass with 10 tbsp. l water. In the resulting solution, put the darkened jewelry and leave for half an hour. Remove them and pat them dry with a dry cloth.
More recently, it turned out that Coca-Cola also refers to the means by which silver can be cleaned if it is blackened. It turns out that this beloved drink by many also copes with darkening, returning the noble metal to its original luster. By lowering rings or earrings into a glass with Coca-Cola, you can not be afraid that they will deteriorate.
Cleaning silver with tartar and salt
Option 1. Clean silver dishes must be placed in the oven and calcined. Prepare a solution of 400 ml of water, 10 g of tartar and 25 g of salt. Boil the dishes in this solution.
Option 2. You can also prepare a hot solution of one tartar, put silver products in it for several minutes, then remove and wipe it well with a piece of suede.
In jewelry stores you can buy a ready-made silver cleaner. Such a solution is safe enough for a precious metal, because its composition has already been thought out by experts. An additional plus, the use of a special tool for cleaning jewelry includes the fact that it forms a protective film on the metal surface and the product does not darken for a long time.
Mechanical cleaning of silver
Before many women, sooner or later, the task arises of how to clean silver jewelry. And although there are different tools for cleaning darkened silver products at home, the owners do not dare to use them, for fear of spoiling their favorite jewelry, they prefer a mechanical cleaning method. Therefore, they begin to wonder how silver can be refined. To remove mechanically various contaminants and traces of oxidation, brushes, ordinary needles, pieces of suede and flannel are used.
But first, think about how to wash off dust and greasy stains. Since it will be much easier to clean the silver product after washing to a shine. To remove dirt and degrease the surfaces of silver products, they must be washed with soap and water using a soft brush. For ease of use, bar soap can be replaced with soap chips. After "bathing" you can choose one of the cleansers. Also in the jewelry store a cleaning cloth for precious metals is sold. It is only worth warning the seller about cleaning silver, since each napkin is designed for a specific metal.
If with stones and gilding
Jewelers, when answering the question of how to clean silver with stones from black at home, are usually advised not to do this on their own. Since none of the methods of “bathing” and boiling is suitable for products with stones and gilding. Cleaning silver jewelry with stones is too risky, because the reaction of noble pearls or amber to the chemical effect is impossible to predict. Buying a new piece of jewelry will be much more expensive than cleaning by a professional.
How to store silver
Sometimes silver jewelry becomes the most favorite among its owners. And if stored correctly, it will be necessary to clean silver more rarely from the blackness that has appeared at home. Therefore, it is worth listening to the tips on how to wear and store them. For example, it is better to store them in a casket. If in the near future you do not intend to wear earrings or a chain, then it is more practical to wrap them in foil. Do not put your favorite things at risk when washing dishes or cleaning the apartment, let them spend this time in the box. At night and in hot weather, it is better to remove silver jewelry.
Silver is a noble metal. If properly stored, worn and cleaned, then silver jewelry will delight for a long time with beauty and brilliance.
How to quickly clean silver: 6 best ways
Do-it-yourself self-cleaning requires prior preparation. That is, before proceeding with one of the selected methods, it is necessary to remove external dirt.
To do this, you just need to make a solution. Take warm water and soap, dishwashing liquid. Then, in the prepared liquid, you need to rinse the accessory. At the end of the procedure, do not forget to rinse the product under running water, and allow to dry at room temperature.
Further, we suggest that you familiarize yourself with the selection of the most popular methods for silver purification in more detail.
Как почистить серебро от черноты с зубной пастой?
Данный метод является грубоватым. Следовательно, его можно использовать на недорогих украшениях.
Как делать смесь для очистки: разведите порошок до консистенции густообразной каши. The paste should turn out white, without any grains and other impurities.
How to use ready-made pasta?
Put it on a soft cloth and gently rub the product. You can also use a toothbrush for cleaning. When you clean the product, be sure to move in one direction with a flick of the wrist. Do not push the product; movements should be smooth.
Important information: whichever cleaning method you choose. Always at the end of the procedure, do not forget to rinse the product under running water, thoroughly dry the product and polish the surface with a soft cloth.
How to clean silver with ammonia?
Silver can be treated with cotton wool previously moistened with ammonia. If the products are very dirty, you can use a 10% solution of ammonia. To do this, it is enough for half an hour to immerse silver in liquid ammonia, then rinse under running water.
How else can silver be cleaned with ammonia and tooth powder?
There is another proven recipe:
- Combine this alcohol, toothpaste and water in a ratio of 2: 1: 5.
- Dampen a cloth in the solution and rub the product.
- Leave it for half an hour.
- Mix ammonia with peroxide in equal proportions.
- Keep the product in liquid for about 15 minutes.
- Pour ammonia powder over the coated powder, you get a paste
- Treat the surface.
How to tidy jewelry with precious stones?
How to clean silver with stones so as not to spoil it? Here are the main secrets of gentle cleaning:
- Such items interspersed with precious stones need gentle cleaning methods. Remove dust and other dirt with alcohol. Also do not forget to use cotton pads,
- Use cotton swabs to clean decorative areas
- To eliminate plaque and stains, use a proven recipe. Soak the product in a warm solution of soap and water. In such a bath, do not forget to add a couple of drops of ammonia.
- Silver jewelry with pebbles can also be cleaned with lipstick. For this method, it is enough to process the surface of the product with lipstick, and then rub with a flap from the flannel.
Recommended Cleaning Rules
These tips will save you the most common mistakes:
- Wash your items regularly.
- Do not use hard abrasives.
- Handle simple objects with a soft toothbrush.
- To clean jewelry, use a brush with natural fibers.
- Silver 925 jewelry should only be processed using special products. Since home methods can ruin.
- Remember that the radiated version of silver, although resistant to the chemical environment, is still easily damaged mechanically. Such products can only be cleaned with a soft cloth. But after using paste and other solutions, you need to rinse the silver well with water at room temperature. This is especially necessary if you used foil or an aluminum container for cleaning.
- The metal can be given extra shine. To do this, it is enough to use lemon juice and hot water.
- Drying silver products is best done with dry napkins or with a hairdryer.
- For several days after cleaning, it is not recommended to wear the product in order to have a protective layer.
How to store silver?
Careful care helps to preserve the external beauty of silver. How to do it? Read the list of important rules:
- Store silver in separate containers, in a dry room where there is no high humidity.
- If you will not use objects for a long period of time, then be sure to wash them in a solution of soapy water. Dry the washed items, and wrap in foil or wrap with parchment paper.
- Keep the product away from food, medicine, plastic, or rubber.
- Do not forget to take off jewelry when you go to wash, visit the pool, sauna.
- Take off jewelry while cleaning. Thus, detergent will not get on your products.
- If it is soiled, be sure to wipe the product with a dry cloth.
Now you know how to clean silver at home. All of these methods are safe, but at the same time require accuracy and a clear algorithm of actions.
If plaque or mold appears on silver products
- Wash silver items in warm vinegar, then rinse and wipe with a dry cloth.
- Boil potatoes. In the broth put silver appliances and leave for an hour. Then remove the items from the pan, rinse with clean water and wipe.
- Pour water into a container and put sliced raw potatoes. Silver items should also be put here. Leave for a while. Then rinse with clean water and wipe well with a soft cloth. Thanks to the starch that is in the water, silver things are freed from plaque.
Cleaning silverware with aluminum foil
Option 1. The pan inside should be covered with foil, pour two teaspoons of salt and pour water. Then put silver water in the water for three minutes. Then rinse with clean water and dry.
Option 2. At the bottom of the dishes put aluminum foil and pour potato broth. Immerse silver items in the broth. Leave on for a few minutes. Remove items, rinse in clean water and wipe with a soft cloth.
Instead of a potato broth, you can pour ordinary water and put soda in it (take five tablespoons of soda per liter of water). The remaining actions are the same as in the version with potato broth.
Milk silver polishing
This method is well suited for the care of silverware. You need to take sour milk, grease them with objects and leave in this condition for half an hour. During this time, an oxide film will come off the surface of the products, which makes silver tarnished. After this procedure, silverware is washed in warm soapy water, wiped and well polished with a soft cloth.
Instead of sour milk, you can take fresh and add vinegar to it.
Polishing silver products with flour
To do this, take a small amount of flour and the same amount of salt and vinegar. Mix everything well. Apply this mixture in a thin layer on silver products and allow to dry well. Using a soft, dry cloth, carefully polish the silver. Of course, this method is not suitable for chains or other jewelry, since it will not be possible to clean them well of flour.