Useful Tips

How to make FLAC format (lossless)


Often, from the entire disc of one artist, you like one or two songs. In this case, it is convenient to create a music collection containing works from different audio discs. To create such a collection of music you need to rewrite your favorite songs on your computer’s hard drive, and then burn them to a CD. There are several important points that are useful to know when creating your own collection.

To copy audio tracks to the hard drive of your computer, you can use either a universal CD burning program, for example, Nero Burning Rom, or specialized programs, for example, Exact Audio Copy, CDEx or Audiograbber. Some use Feurio !, an audio-CD oriented program. Many music lovers prefer to use specialized programs, because when copying audio tracks to the hard disk there is one subtlety. You may notice that 650 MB of data or 74 minutes of audio can be recorded on a conventional blank of a recordable CD. As you know, on a CD, audio information is stored in the format 44100 Hz, 16 bits and 2 channels. A simple calculation shows that 74 minutes of audio information on the disk takes 783216000 bytes or about 750 MB. It can be seen that audio can be recorded significantly more than conventional data. In fact, just as much data as usual is placed on a CD as much as audio data. Just part of the information when recording ordinary data is redundant and is recorded to increase the reliability of storage. Thus, the useful amount of information is reduced. For audio data there is no redundant information, therefore, the useful volume increases.

Due to redundant information, the reliability of data storage on CDs is very high. The disc may be scratched, but you can still read the information from it. There is a known case when a hole with a diameter of about five millimeters was drilled in a CD-ROM, and information from the disc was read. The developers of the standard for recording audio information on a CD decided that it is possible to sacrifice reliability, and thereby increase the overall duration of the stored records. Music CDs do not have redundant information, so scratches and other defects of the disc will distort the read information. The CD-ROM drive will approximate the data, so the distortion may not be noticeable at all, but may be reproduced in the form of various clicks.

Universal CD burning programs simply copy audio tracks to the hard drive, while specialized programs try to make sure that the audio data read is reliable. For example, when reading, several attempts are made. If the same data is read in all attempts, they are considered reliable. This slows down the copy process, but allows in some cases to achieve better quality.

The audio data storage format corresponds to a WAV file with the following parameters - stereo, 44100 Hz and 16 bits, and it is in this format that it is recommended to save tracks when copying. When stored in other formats, when copying, conversion will occur, and when recording, the reverse conversion of formats. This may degrade the quality of music recordings.

Note that under the leadership of SONY recently conducted a company to combat audio piracy. As part of this program, Audio-CDs with copy protection are produced in Europe. Such discs can be played back in a domestic player, but you cannot listen to or copy these discs on a computer. Another reason for wanting to record an Audio-CD may be that you have a large music library on magnetic media — magnetic tapes or compact cassettes. It is known that over time, recordings on these media deteriorate. The magnetic layer on the tape crumbles, and the quality of the phonogram decreases. Transferring information from tape to CD, you will save it for several decades, and without loss of quality.

To enter audio information from the tape into your computer, you should connect the line output of your tape recorder to the line input of the computer’s sound card. Next, open the mixer window and enable recording from the line input. For recording, you should use one of the programs that work with sound, for example, Sound Forge. Turn on the tape recorder to play, and the program to record. When recording is finished, stop recording and playback. In conclusion, save the resulting record in a WAV file with parameters - stereo, 44100 Hz and 16 bits.

From which source the recording would not have been made - from a CD or tape recorder, you may need further processing of the sound material. Typically, processing consists in trimming the recording to the desired duration, creating a smooth fading effect at the end of the recording, removing noise and clicks. Normalization is also often used. Trimming and blending effects produced in one of the audio editors.

The most powerful and bored sound editor is Sound Forge. In this case, you must connect to it an additional module to eliminate noise, which is supplied separately. Some CD burning programs, such as Nero Burning Rom, also allow you to apply various effects to your recordings. When creating collections, be sure to normalize, that is, equalize the volume of all compositions. It is unacceptable that on one CD there were songs with different volume levels.

After the songs have been prepared, start the disc burning program. Select the type of project Audio-CD and drag the necessary files into the project window. At the same time, follow the volume scale, and do not exceed the maximum disk duration. Recall that, depending on the type of blank used, the duration of the disc is 74 or 80 minutes. If all the desired songs do not fit on the disc a bit, you can offer several options for further action.

Firstly, you can remove pauses at the beginning and end of audio tracks. This will save about 10 - 15 seconds. Secondly, you can trim the tracks at the beginning and end. Usually at the beginning of the recording is an introduction, and at the end of the recording is a loss. After trimming, do not forget to apply the effect of smooth growth of sound at the beginning of the composition and smooth attenuation at the end. Thirdly, if you use the program Nero Burning Rom or some others, you can try to write a little more information to the disk than its capacity. In this case, nothing will need to be done with the tracks. This operation is called re-firing.

Not all recorders support re-firing. In addition, by specifying a long time, you can spoil not only the workpiece, but also the device. The program will warn you that you are burning at your own risk.

When running Nero Burning Rom, select the menu command Preset File (File Preferences) to display the settings dialog. Click on the shortcut Expert Properties (Expert Features) to go to the tab of the same name. Disks on which more information is recorded than expected are called reburned disks in the program. To enable the feature under consideration, check the box Allow re-burning (Enable overburn). Input fields to indicate the maximum disk size will become available. Typically, most blanks allow you to record up to two minutes of "extra" music.

To find out how much additional information can be recorded, a re-firing test should be performed. To do this, you can use the program included with Nero and called Nero cd speed. Run this program and select the menu command Extra overburning test (Optional Reburn Test). In the dialog that appears, set the write speed and the maximum amount of disk that you want to check. Press button Start (Start) to start the test recording. At the end, the program will say whether it is possible to write so much information to disk or not. If unsuccessful, reduce the disk size and retest. So you know how much you can write information to disk.

After the project is configured in the burning program, you can proceed to write to the disc itself. Insert the workpiece of the required volume into the device and start recording. Specify the desired recording speed. Recording method is better to specify Disk-at-once. In addition to the fact that only with this recording method it is possible to re-burn in the Nero program, recording with the Disk at Once method will allow you, even if you spoil the workpiece, to play back what you had recorded on household players.

It is believed that you need to burn Audio-CD at low speed, for example, the second or fourth. It is believed that at low speed the contrast of the pits on the recording layer of the CD blank will be higher than at high speed recording. This will lead to higher reliability of reading information, and, consequently, to the absence of distortion. Modern recorders can record information at high speed as reliably as at low. In any case, you should check how your recorder writes audio information at different speeds. To do this, burn a test disc and listen to it on your playback device. In addition, there are a number of programs that allow you to evaluate whether information is recorded in high quality, for example, Nero CD Speed.

Convert CD-DA to FLAC (lossless)

Launch Easy CD-DA Extractor. Insert the CD into the drive. After loading the disc, select the top tab Grabbing audio CDs. If your drive is not the only one, then under this tab there is a drive selection button with your CD. If you decide to convert the collection, then you can immediately not mark unnecessary tracks. If you have a disk, but the box is lost - there is an option to find information about the disk on the Internet. The program also has a player for listening to tracks (if that helps).

At the bottom of the drop-down list, you can set the sequence for displaying information about the track. If this is not a collection, then they are limited to this usual combination:. . Next, for convenience, you should check the name of the tracks. If the contractor is foreign, and the disc is licensed, then labeling problems usually do not arise. Another thing is if the performer is domestic. Especially in the picture, a disc with a domestic artist is inserted.

This is not a problem of the program, but of the CD format itself. That is how most programs see Russian text. The cure for this ailment is renaming tracks in Latin. Those names that will be renamed to the Latin alphabet will become the name of not only the file itself, but also will be written in the tags of the audio track. Some players “sort” the file playback order precisely by these tags.

Translation from Russian into Latin
Occupation is not entirely pleasant. There will certainly be those who claim that they are music lovers, and not “keyboard drivers” with experience. To quickly perform such a translation into Latin, just use one of the online transliteration services.

In order not to type the Russian text of tracks, disc names, genre manually, it can be found on the Internet and copied as a whole. Then paste this: into the browser line. Online transliteration will open. Paste all the text into the field and click on transliteration. The entire text will be translated from Russian into Latin. However, inserting each line during renaming will have to take place in each track in turn.

Renaming the tracks (if necessary), configure the export of output. In the program window at the bottom right is the output file settings. You can switch all the drop-down lists to Auto mode, but in the very top list, you must definitely select the flac format (free lossless audio codec). At the bottom left, select the folder for output. So the solemn moment has come when you can click the Convert button and wait a bit.


Now let's try to understand this question: What is better than FLAC or WAV. FLAC is a fairly new format, obtained thanks to the lossless audio codec, which allows you to compress the contents of the file supposedly without loss. Take it on faith and continue. As for me, I would leave files in WAV format. Opinion comes solely from logic and usability. A CD in audio format is capable of recording 74 minutes.

As for the volume, now it is 702 MB of information. If we correctly convert such a disk to FLAC, then at the output we get about 500 MB. Actually, this is the same savings of about 200 MB on each drive. If the collection is large, then the total amount saved can be significant. But whoever really needs to save, he will make MP3 from CD.

From 700 MB to get about 140 MB (if the compression standard is minimal - 320 Kb / s) - this is really a saving. However, do not forget that WAV is an uncompressed format. At the beginning of the article, it was mentioned that at first CD-DA is translated into WAV, and it is from WAV that it can be converted to other formats. Consequently, converting to FLAC is another unnecessary operation. In addition, most players today are “friends” with WAV much more readily than with FLAC.

It is possible that the CD format is even better, but phones and tablets are not yet able to spin optical discs. It is worth mentioning that all these thoughts are provided that you are the owner of a CD. If you don’t have a disk, then it’s certainly easier to find FLAC files on the Internet. The opinion is purely authoritative, but as you know, if you take a set of felt-tip pens, then they are all different in taste and color.

Nevertheless, the FLAC format is quite popular, which gives rise to the following articles to continue to consider other operations with this format. Successful conversions!
Author: Alexander Kravchenko. How to make FLAC from a CD 2016-07-12T04: 11: 09 + 00: 00 admin Digitizing audio Digitizing audio Does the manual help how making FLAC from a CD for video editing is not certain, but ordinary music lovers holding a collection of CDs can come in handy. Although such people are pleased not only with the music from this compact, but also with the feeling of a fetish that it is real and it is pleasant to hold it in hands. On the other hand. admin [email protected] Administrator

Audio formats

Music is usually recorded in three formats Audio CD, Mp3 and Flac. Of course, there are other formats, but in this issue we will consider only these three. So, what is the difference between these music formats.

Audio CD - its history began back in the last century, back in 1969. The first Audio CD (CD) was released in 1980 by Philips and Sony. And two years later, the first CD player appeared.

It fits from 15 to 20 songs in good quality (stereo), the recording duration is up to 80 minutes. Most often, such discs are listened to in cars, music centers and other players. They were also often used at discotheques and recording studios.

Mp3 - the format itself appeared in 1994, it was developed at the Fraunhofer Institute. Literally a year later, the first MP3 player appeared. In this format, you can record up to 10 times more songs than in an Audio CD, depending on the sound quality and compressible codec.

An ordinary person probably will not distinguish between the sound of Mp3 and Audio CD. The Mp3 format is widespread almost everywhere; most players support it. It is divided into three versions: Mpeg-1, Mpeg2 and Mpeg-2.5. The Mp3 patent is owned by Alcatel-Lucent and expires in 2017.

Flac - appeared quite recently, not many people have heard and know about it. Personally, I stumbled upon it by accident about a year ago. For true connoisseurs of music, I can recommend listening to audio recordings in Flac format, also called Lossless. There are almost no losses and the sound quality is much higher than in Audio CD and Mp3. The average size of one such file is several times larger than Mp3.

Sound quality on average ranges from 700 to 1500 Kbps. In the same Mp3, a maximum of 320 Kbps, most often 192 Kbps. Listen to the song in the first two usual formats, then in Flac format. I'm sure the difference will be obvious. If you like soft music, check out my second music blog, Chillout.

Something I got a little carried away with these audio formats. If you want to know more about formats, you can always turn to the Internet or Wikipedia for help. Let's get down to the process of burning music to disk.

To do this, you must have several CDs or DVDs ready, depending on the amount of information that you want to burn to disk. And a few so that if one disk goes bad (burning fails), you can use the second - spare.

Disc formats

I completely forgot to tell what drives are. Currently, most commonly used disk formats are:

  • CD-R, CD-RW - the volume of the placed information is 700 Mb
  • DVD-R / + R, DVD-RW / + RW, DVD-R DL / DVD + R DL - the amount of information 4.7 - 8.5 GB
  • DVD-RAM - can be dubbed up to 100,000 times, unlike its counterpart DVD-RW / + RW, whose resource is up to 1000 dubs. In most cases, it has a protective cover and accommodates 2.6 - 9.4 GB
  • BD-R / -RE / -RE DL - blue ray discs, the amount of information 25 - 500 GB
  • Also, all of the above discs have smaller counterparts Mini-CD, Mini-DVD and Mini-BD, which hold a little less information than their older counterparts

The abbreviation -R- means single use, -RW- multiple use, and -DL- multi-layered disc.

We write music to disk in the car

In order to record music to disk in a car, you need to decide on the supported formats of your radio. Usually they are written on the car radio itself. If they are not, then look at the instructions of the radio itself, if it remains.

Если нет, то запишите марку, название магнитолы и посмотрите информацию в интернете по поддерживаемым носителям и аудиоформатам.

Старенькие магнитолы поддерживают CD — Audio и WMA. Нужно записывать музыку именно в этих форматах, другие проигрываться не будут.

Старенькие магнитолы с поддержкой CD — MP3, Audio и WMA. Тут уже можно писать мелодии на диски в формате эмпэтри.

Магнитолы поддерживаемые CD и DVD — есть возможность записи песен как на сиди так и на диви носители, смотрите поддерживаемые форматы.

Последние магнитолы поддерживают CD, DVD, USB-Flesh (флешки), блютуз, поддержка телефона и прямо с интернета.

There are car radios on the android and with support for FLAC (lossless) - the sound quality is much better than MP3, but to evaluate it, a good audio system must be installed, preferably with a sound amplifier.

Windows Recording Music

The first way we learn how to burn music to disk using standard Windows tools.

We turn on our computer, insert a blank disk into the drive, it should be 100% free and go to my computer.

We go to this blank disk.

The How do you plan to burn this disc window appears.

We come up with the name of our disc (for example, My music).

Choose how you plan to use this drive.

Personally, I rarely use this method and always choose With a CD / DVD player.

You can also click on the blue text. Which format should I use?

If you have any questions and difficulties, then you can use this hint and click Next.

We insert or drag the necessary files to it music, photos, videos and so on.

Files added by us will be transparent - it means that they are ready for recording, but not yet recorded.

If you do not know what hidden files are, then I recommend that you read the article on how to display or hide files and folders on a computer.

We move the mouse to a free unoccupied space and right-click on it; in the menu that appears, select Burn to disk.

Here you can name our disc, if before that you did not give it any name, but you can leave it unchanged.

We turn to the Recording Speed, here I recommend everyone to record at a low speed from 12x to 16x, personally I always choose 12x.

There is the option to close the wizard when recording files is completed.

You can use this function if you want to close the recording wizard after the disc is burned.

Click Next and wait a while, usually 5-10 minutes (maybe longer), depending on the amount of data being recorded.

After burning is completed, click Finish.

In the end, it turned out how you did it; I don’t know, everyone will have different files.

After completing the recording, you can enjoy new music. If the recording did not end with success, then you need to perform all the same actions, only with the new disc.

How to burn music to disk using Windows 7 |

Record Music Using Windows Media

The second way to record music to disk I will demonstrate on the Windows Media Player. It is present (built-in) in a standard, embedded software package of Microsoft operating systems.

The first thing you need to do is turn on our Windows Media Player.

After it opens you need to go to the Recording tab, which is located in the upper right corner between Playback and Sync.

The Audio CD should appear. I have written It remains 702 MB of 702 MB.

In order to add the necessary elements, they must be transferred to the Record List.

After that, you can go to the Record Settings.

Additional recording parameters ... set all the necessary settings, if of course you consider it necessary to do this.

I almost never go there, although no, I need to choose a recording speed - the lower the better. You can set medium or low.

After all the settings set, click Start recording and wait for the final result, and while you are waiting, expand your knowledge and read the article on how to enable the task manager.

Also here there is the possibility of ripping music from a CD. A pretty handy tool if you need to rip music from an Audio CD. Most programs will not be able to do this. I saw this option and used it only in two programs - it is Windows Media and Winamp (my favorite music player).

How to Burn Music to Disc - Windows Media Player |

We write music - Nero program

In most cases, when I need to burn any disc, I most often use the Nero disc burning program. Surely most of you are familiar with this program, if not, I recommend that you get to know it. It has extensive capabilities for recording music to disk and a lot of additional features (settings and gadgets).

With it, you can rip discs, create images, record your own clips and movies, make presentations, your own slide shows, and much more. You can download this program on the Internet, on the official website of the program different versions are different, but not free, so look on the Internet.

Let's start recording music to disk in the third way, using the Nero program.

We launch the Nero program, I use version 7, it is proven and the most reliable, in any case for me. Maybe someone has a different version, the interface will be slightly different, but the essence of the program does not change - burning discs and everything connected with it.

We go into Nero StartSmart, it may be called a little differently from you. In the top center, you can immediately select the type of recording media CD, DVD, Blu-ray or two in one CD / DVD.

Go to the note - Sound tab.

Select the project you need for us and click on it. Make an audio CD, create a JukeBox CD (Mp3, Mp4, WMA) and so on.

You can also go to the data tab and burn a regular data disc. If you need an Audio CD, then select Make Audio CD. Need Mp3 - select Create JukeBox CD, or Create Data CD.

If you have a lot of information - you can burn discs to DVD, all the same.

After selecting the project, the Nero Express window appears in which we need to add our files.

You can click the “green plus” Add button, or drag the data into an empty window. You can also use the clipboard and hot keys Ctrl + X, Ctrl + C, Ctrl + V.

The Add File (s) window appears with two green stripes.

After the information is added to the disk, you can double-check everything and click Next.

A compatibility warning is issued (it may not appear). Are we asked to Disable multisession? If we don’t write anything more on it, then click yes. If you want to add data to it in the future, then click no, we see the Final Record Settings window.

Here you can write the name of the disk.

Select the current recording recorder (if you have several drives).

Set the number of copies to be recorded.

It is possible to check the Check data after writing to disk checkbox - this function is useful if you write important information and want to make sure that it was written without any errors. It is also sometimes called Data Verification, that is, a comparison of the copy with the original.

You can also set Allow adding files (multisession).

Then we press Record (a burning match near the disk) and wait. You can go for a smoke, drink tea or coffee, or do something else for 20 minutes, sometimes more, for example

At the end of the recording process, such a window should appear. The burn successfully completed, click OK. After that, the Save Project window will appear. We will be asked - Do you want to save the project? I always click No, if you want to save the project, then click Yes.

You can also tick off Do not show this message again if you do not want it to appear continuously after each disc recording. If the burning fails, it happens, you need to insert a new disk and try again.

You can enjoy music or your other recorded data.

How to Burn Music to Disc - Nero 7 |

Recording Music - Ashampoo Program

Ashampoo is a subsidiary of Microsoft Corporation, which was created in Germany specifically for the development of closed source software in 1999.

I rarely use Ashampoo, Nero is enough. Here, a calm dark blue with white waves interface, everything is in Russian, a convenient menu. You can download the Ashampoo program on the official website.

The only way you download it from the official site is to use it for free for 10 days without registration and 30 days if you request an activation code for a month.

If this does not suit you, then at any time you can go online and download the full version for yourself. I found one program link, I spread it for someone who does not know how to search.

In order to download it, you must have 176 MB of free disk space.

So we quietly approached the fourth and last way how to burn music to disk in this article.

Find our Ashampoo program.

Go to the Create + Record submenu.

Go to the Music tab.

In the pop-up menu, you can select Create Audio CD and Create Mp3 or WMA disc.

There are many more functions here, in the same submenu you can select Copy music files to disk.

I chose the Mp3 or WMA record and we got Output format options.

Here you can choose the output format - Mp3 or WMA (left Mp3, you can choose WMA).

Also Bitrate - sound frequency - here I recommend putting the largest digit of 320 Kbps (for the best sounding music file). You can choose your own number, the larger it is, the more space the song will occupy.

Click Next, the Add Audio Files window appears.

Click the add button and select the desired music or other files. You can also transfer data with a simple mouse click to a clean area or use the magic keys Ctrl + X, Ctrl + C, Ctrl + V.

Perhaps the Convert Input Files window will appear - you need to wait a bit.

In the next window, you can select the recording options, CD / DVD drive, if you have several.

You can also change recording options.

Set the desired recording speed (default is maximum), I recommend choosing 12x or 16x.

Check the box, if necessary - first simulate the record.

Check recorded files and folders.

Burn a CD using Disc At Once.

First, copy all the data to an image on your hard drive.

Select the desired number of copies.

You can turn off the computer when recording is complete.

Also Play a sound file when recording is completed.

After setting all the settings, click OK.

By the next step, click the Burn to CD button and wait until our disc is burned, but for now, I recommend reading the article How to configure Skype on a computer.

At the end of the recording, you can listen to your music or see other files that were recorded on the disc. If errors occur and some files do not open, then you need to take a new disk and repeat the recording process.

How to Burn Music to Disc - Ashampoo burning studio 12 |

In this article, how to burn music to disc, you and I learned what audio formats are, how they differ, talked a bit about disc formats.

They also recorded music on disks in four different ways: using Windows, using Windows Media Player, they used the Nero program and resorted to Ashampoo. We consolidated all our knowledge by watching 4 video lessons on each of the programs.

Perhaps you still have or have questions related to burning discs, you can ask them below in the comments to this article, as well as use the feedback form with me.

Thank you for following me on Twitter.

Stay Connected - My You Tube Channel

If the above information was useful to you, then I recommend subscribing to updates to my blog to always be up to date with the latest and relevant information on setting up and repairing your computer.

Sincerely, Dmitry Sergeev January 19, 2013