Useful Tips

We start and stop correctly


Most bikes will suit you if they fit you in size. Check that both brakes are working, the tires are inflated, and the seat is well secured. In addition, pay attention to rim wear and cracks in the frame. Turn the pedals and make sure that the chain is well lubricated.

The person you want to teach should be comfortable in a seat with both feet on the ground. In addition, it should easily reach the brake levers. Perhaps at the very beginning you will have to reduce the height of the seat, but as soon as your student begins to pedal confidently, you can return it to its original position.

Getting started on a bike

The faster the bike moves, the easier it is to keep your balance. Therefore, very often, cyclists first accelerate their bike a little, and only then sit on it. At the beginning of his “bicycle path”, this may be justified, since a person feels uncertainly behind the wheel of a two-wheeled vehicle, but then this method must be abandoned. Instead, the habit of starting on the fly remains for life. Meanwhile, while the driver accelerates the bike, control over it is very limited. Fully subjugate and confidently maneuver only after taking the correct position behind the wheel.

Wrong Start Methods

These methods are well known and widely applicable to everyone, so most have never even thought about how to sit on a bicycle is wrong. A bicycle is taken (behind the wheel), one foot is placed on the pedal, and the other is repelled from the ground, giving the bike an initial impulse. Then the “push” leg is thrown over the saddle. A variation of the method is shuffling a foot on the ground to disperse a bicycle, that is, several repulsions. At this stage, the bike acts as a scooter.

Politicians do not know how to

Why can not you use these methods? As mentioned above, control over management is very, very limited. Starting uphill is difficult, because you need to accelerate the bike so that it does not stop until you ride it and can continue to accelerate. Another unpleasant circumstance is added to these difficulties - the weight of the cyclist is transferred at the moment when the bike moves at an angle to the road surface. The bike is not designed for such lateral loads, but they are quite significant. In the future, this can lead to breakdowns.

There is still a way that riders use in some cycling disciplines. Its essence is that the cyclist runs next to his bicycle, dispersing it, and then saddles him from the jump. This is at least unsafe, because it is easier than ever to miss the pedals while the speed is already high enough, so a fall or injury is guaranteed. And it looks ugly.

How to start a bike properly

The surest way to start cycling is as follows. We throw the leg through the frame, no matter how, exactly - through the seat, through the steering wheel (if it is below the saddle) or through the upper tube. To simplify this action, I advise you to tilt the bike a little to the side. Now you are standing on the ground, holding the wheel with both hands, and the bike is between the legs. No need to try to sit on the saddle - if it is installed correctly, then you simply will not get your feet to the ground.

We scroll the pedals so that the connecting rod on the side of the supporting leg is in front at an angle of 45 degrees relative to the ground. For example, if your supporting leg is right, then the right connecting rod (on which the leading stars are mounted) will "show" one-half to two. The supporting leg is the one that is in front when you are standing on the connecting rods parallel to the ground, and the second, “back”, is the jerk.

Now put your supporting foot on the pedal and press it. At this moment, firstly, the bike starts moving, and secondly, you get up and calmly sit on the saddle, using the pedal as a step. Everything is simple and convenient. Control over the bike is maintained almost all the time, which means driving safety at the highest level.

Practice and make this start method your unconditioned reflex. He's worth it.

Bike stop

We have already talked about the technique of proper braking. Who did not familiarize yourself with you here: "Braking and cornering." In that article, we did not raise the issue of stopping, or rather, how exactly it is necessary to act during its implementation. We fill this gap.

Stopping is not a big deal. Nevertheless, many bikers manage to make mistakes here.

First of all, you need to be prudent. If this is not emergency braking, then before stopping, worry about your future start. Yes, yes, prepare your sleigh in summer. As you know, you can only change gears on the go, so before stopping, be sure to lower yourself to your starting gear. Usually this is the second leading star and 2-5 on the cassette - at your discretion. It is important to develop the appropriate habit, which will certainly simplify your life.

Now about the process of stopping. You do not need to take your feet off the pedals ahead of time, helping the brakes fulfill their functions. In fact, such actions only worsen the effectiveness of the slowdown. The weight of the cyclist is carried by unloading the wheels, which reduces the coefficient of traction. It can also be painful for the legs.

At the very end of braking, we gradually transfer our weight to one leg, and we are preparing to put the second one at a complete stop on the ground. If you lower your leg to a complete stop, there is a chance of "pecking": a bike without the weight of the biker will unload, and the brakes will stop only the bike, and the rider will inertia continue to move in an intimate take-out place. Ugh, this is unpleasant ...

As you can see, bad habits when starting and stopping can be hazardous to health. If you used to be able to avoid injuries, then no one can guarantee that everything will also be safe in the future. Improve your bike ownership for yourself and your upstream neighbors.

1. Sit too low

Many beginner bike enthusiasts, and even those who ride more than one year, set the seat to such a height that you can get to the ground with two legs from the saddle. The low landing is simply explained: “what if I don’t have time to jump”, “I’ll sit higher - I’ll definitely fall”.

With an incorrect landing, there is a big load on the knees, since when the pedals rotate, the stronger thigh muscles are almost not involved. As a result, you get tired faster, your knees begin to hurt, and it’s hard for you to keep pace and speed.

A proper fit assumes that your leg is almost straight when the pedal is at the lowest possible position.

Of course, in this case you will not get to the ground with your feet. What if the knees are sorry, and raising the saddle higher is scary? Raise the seat gradually! They rolled it back for half an hour - they raised it by half a centimeter, another half hour - another half centimeter up. So you will gradually come to the right height.

We have to learn to get off the bike in a new way. Determine which jogging foot you have. Snowboarders already know which leg is more important to them; for the rest, we advise jumping on one leg or the other. The leading leg is stronger, on it you can jump longer.

Now, in order to get off the bicycle, you will need to roll it a little towards the pushing leg. And that’s it - you easily got off of it.

2. Do not shift gears

One of the most frequently asked questions about a bicycle: “How many have your speeds?” The number of speeds depends on the number of stars. For example, you have 3 stars in front, and there may be 7, 8, 9, or even 10 on the back of the wheel.

It is believed that the more speeds, the steeper the bike. But even the most expensive one with a lot of speeds will not make you the fastest if you do not know how to change gears.

Find the most convenient combination of numbers for yourself and use these speeds when driving on a straight and more or less smooth road.

Met a hill or any other climb on the way - take off the speed so that it was easy to go up the hill.

Have you seen how some scorcher screwed up a hill while standing? So, this person simply does not know about the existence of gears in his bicycle. (And here we are not talking about the Tour de France or any other competitions.) This method is incorrect, following this example, you will overload your knees greatly. It’s completely normal and not a shame to climb the combinations 2–3, 1–2, and in especially severe cases - 1–1.

Climbing up, you can enjoy the descent, and if you set the transmission to a heavier mode, then help the inertia to bring you to the next hill. To start, it is more convenient to use a gear of level 2–3 or 2–4, gears of 3–6 and higher can actually be used only when riding downhill or in a strong tail wind.

It is not recommended to set the gears to extreme positions, such as 1–7 (if you have 21 speeds), 1–8 (at 24 speeds), or 3–1: in such cases, the chain crosses, which leads to faster wear of the entire transmission.

Regardless of whether you are driving on a level road, pant while climbing a mountain or rushing down - in all cases it should be easy for you to turn the pedals.

Always shift gears on the move and a little until the moment it becomes difficult to pedal. Switch speeds sequentially. No need to jump over a number: set to 4 - and make a full turn with the pedals, set to 5 - and make a turn.

If an abnormal sound is heard after the switch, it means that the switch did not happen, although you see the next digit on the handle. In this case, simply return to the previous gear reading, release the pressure on the pedals and switch again.

3. Did not find your rhythm

If you ever traveled in a group, you noticed a simple thing - part of it was torn forward, part of it was lagging, and the middle was hopelessly stretched. Why is this happening?

Each person has his own individual pedaling rhythm.

You first need to understand what gears it is convenient to drive on a straight road, and then maintain a speed that is convenient for you. Modern cycle computers or mobile applications allow you to track the cadence (cadence) in numbers, but you will just have to rely on personal feelings. If you ride comfortably, then this is your rhythm.

The correct cadence is one and a half full pedals per second and faster, which for beginners is unattainable, but this should be sought.

4. Ignore traffic rules

A cyclist is a road user, albeit less protected than the same motorists. Follow these guidelines.

  1. When driving on the road, a helmet and bright clothes are required. In the dark - lights.
  2. Move as far as possible to the right along the movement of cars. Riding towards the stream is strictly prohibited. Watch out for cars parked at the curb. A driver who stops smoking may suddenly open the door and knock down a cyclist.
  3. Since April 2015, you have every right to move along the designated lanes for public transport, if you do not interfere with the embarkation and disembarkation of passengers.
  4. Motorways are prohibited for cyclists; choose workarounds.
  5. It is forbidden to turn left or turn around on roads with tram traffic or a width of more than one lane. In such cases, dismount, turn into a pedestrian and go through the intersection along the zebra.
  6. Be extremely predictable. Be sure to signal the drivers who are driving you about possible maneuvers: turns (outstretched arm points towards the turn) or stop (raised hand).
  7. At the intersection, if you plan to go further in a straight line, stand in the far right lane, but slightly ahead of the cars. Thus, you insure yourself against a possible turn of the car to the right, in your side, and demonstrate your intention to continue moving in a straight line, without turning anywhere.
  8. Skip pedestrians at crosswalks! If the cyclist crosses the road on a “zebra” on horseback, then he is automatically considered a driver and in an accident, most likely, he will be to blame.

5. Forget to drink and eat

If your trip is limited by the road to the nearest supermarket, where you went for a bread, then here you can do without additional food.

If the trip suggests that you spend several hours on the road, then stock up on water or isotonic and a simple snack. Nuts and dried fruits perfectly satisfy hunger, bananas, bagels and gingerbreads are also great for these purposes.

The lack of water primarily affects the joints, even before you feel thirsty.

It is recommended to drink every 20 minutes.

In a cycling trip, in addition to organized breakfasts, lunches and dinners, participants should hand in a snack bag that everyone will spend based on their needs.

Do you really know how to ride a bike?

It is believed that anyone who can drive a couple of laps around the yard and not fall, already masterfully owns a bicycle, and knows everything about riding technique. However, as in other activities, there are levels of skill, and a cyclist who has studied the correct technique and practiced enough in it will ride more safely and more efficiently.

Many experienced cyclists have no way to find the time to learn how to ride a bicycle and jump off it, and their bad habits serve them poorly in traffic or when climbing uphill.

One of the main cycling skills is riding in a straight line, without floundering from side to side. Most people cannot align their trajectory until they reach a certain minimum speed, usually with the right starting technique, they will allow you to achieve this critical speed for maneuver faster, and the bike will be partially beyond your control for most of the time.

Some errors

  • Cowboy jumping into the saddle is popular with cyclists learning to ride too large bicycles. Indeed, this is the only way to ride a bicycle whose frame is very high for a rider. This dubious and unsafe technique is as follows: you stand next to the bike, put your foot on the pedal, then push off with your other foot and throw it over the saddle of an already moving bike.
    When cowboy jumping, the weight of the cyclist is transferred to the bike at a time when it is tilted at a significant angle. Because of this, in the future, possible damage to the frame and wheels. Bicycle wheels, in particular, are not designed to resist severe lateral loads, and this unsuccessful jumping technique places a heavy load on the wheels.
  • “Shuffling jumping up” looks like this: you stand with one foot on the pedals and try to disperse the bike, pushing off the ground with the other foot. at the same time, you cannot quickly control the bicycle, and thus you cannot start moving uphill.
  • The Fly Jump is a less well-known, but no less vicious technique, consisting in the following: a cyclist runs next to a bike, and then jumps into the saddle. So sometimes racers do it, but it's dangerous and ugly.

The right start technique

1. Stand over the frame, both feet on the ground. Most of them before throwing their legs over the saddle, but if you have a low steering wheel, you can throw your legs over the steering wheel as well. If your bike has a female or generally low frame, you may be able to carry your foot directly through the frame. Sometimes you should tilt the bike first.

2. Do not try to sit in the saddle when the bike is standing, it is often impossible if your saddle is correctly aligned.

3.Tighten the pedals so that the pedal from the side of the weak leg is turned at an angle of 45 degrees up.

4. Place your foot on this pedal and press it firmly.

At the same time, the following will happen:

- you can use this pedal as a step on which you climb and sit on a saddle,

- the force transmitted to the chain drive starts to accelerate the bike.

If you have not yet learned this, take the time to work out. It may seem complicated, but in fact it is much easier. As soon as you get used to doing the above, it will become second nature. You will ride better and safer, because you can quickly accelerate the bike to a speed that allows you to move confidently.

The stop is not so difficult for most cyclists, but even here there are bad habits that you need to get rid of, and good tricks to learn.

First downshift

If your bike has a standard gear system, it only works on the move. It is very important to develop the habit of shifting to the next lower gear before braking - then you will have a well-chosen gear to resume movement. Usually switch the rear derailleur to a large sprocket, and the front to the second largest. Naturally, in an emergency, you just slow down, not care about the gears, but with a regular, controlled stop, you can learn to change gears automatically.

When legs touch the ground

Возможно, из-за желания компенсировать плохие тормоза при помощи подметок обуви некоторые велосипедисты слишком быстро опускают ноги, что может оказаться болезненным.

At the time of stopping, you must transfer your weight to one pedal (which should be in the lower position if the bike is equipped with a freewheel). The other leg should not touch the ground until the bike almost stops.

If you lower your foot to the ground while the bike is still moving, the following will happen. You already stop with the brakes, and these same brakes act on the entire bicycle + cyclist system. If you lower your leg, your weight is transferred to it, and the brakes now only affect the bike, which is much lighter than yourself. The braking force, which only gently stopped the bike along with the rider at a controlled speed, will be quite sufficient for the bike to stop instantly on its own. In the meantime, the moment of inertia keeps you on the trajectory of movement, until the intimate parts of your body are fucking about taking out your suddenly stopped bike. Oh!

How do I get to Carnegie Hall?

If you are one of those many cyclists who, despite many years of practice, have not overcome the bad habits associated with starting and stopping, then it's never too late to improve the technique. These recommendations may seem ridiculous at first, but as soon as you use them at least once, you will see that life has become better, life has become more fun. Train! Train! Train!

Check rider gear

The student must wear suitable clothing for cycling so that he is not too hot, but not too cold. As a rule, dressing is easier than walking. Legs should not be stuck in a moving chain. Also, wear sturdy enough shoes. Clothes and shoes do not have to be cycling, just something comfortable and not restricting movements.

If the student wants to use a safety helmet, make sure he is wearing it correctly. The helmet should cover the forehead to the eyebrows, and its belts should be tightly fastened.

Ask if the person is ready to start the lesson. He should warn you about everything that might interfere with your activity, for example, some kind of health hazard, psychological problem, or learning difficulties.

How to get on a bike and get off it

Tell the student to stand to the left of the bicycle and hold the brakes with both hands so that it does not move while the person is tilting the bicycle, throws his right foot to its other side and comfortably seats. To get off the bike, you need to repeat the same steps in reverse order.

Let the student practice until he is confident in his abilities. For some people, this will be the first experience of its kind in their lives, so it may take some time to get used to. If a person cannot find a comfortable position, get his feet to the ground or his hands to the brakes, adjust the seat, brake levers and steering wheel. But only if you yourself know how to do it.

When your ward is comfortable enough, you can raise the seat again so that at the lowest position of the pedal the rider’s leg bends a little.

Advise the student to move his body mass closer to the back of the seat, where the center of gravity should be.


Ask the person to walk slowly with the bike, gently applying the brakes when they want to stop. It is better to start right right away and use both brakes, do not be afraid of the front!

Next time he should stop the bike using only his legs. Remind the student that he needs to look in the direction of movement, and not under his feet. The same goes for cycling.

Free movement

Choose a very gentle slope and ask your student to slide down it with your feet off the ground. You may need to hold onto the back of the bike (ask for permission!) To help, but try not to balance the bike yourself. It is better to have some kind of object in front, as adults tend to look under their feet, which means it will be difficult for them to maintain balance.

Perform this exercise many times, and the student will naturally gain speed by lifting his legs off the ground in time.

As the rider begins to feel more confident, make him roll with his legs up longer and longer. Teach him to look forward, keep his back straight, and his hands relaxed. Tell a person not to strain their arms too much, as this will not help him! Of course, you need to hold onto the wheel tightly, but hands from the hand to the shoulders should be relaxed, straining only during braking to compensate for inertia.


Equilibrium is achieved by moving the bike slightly to the side under the rider, so he needs to slightly turn the steering wheel in the direction of inclination. However, it is impossible to teach a person to maintain balance. It must be felt instinctively. Do not complicate this process, so you only upset your student.

When the student understands how to raise his legs, you can help him control the bike by carefully turning the steering wheel.

If a person constantly wants to bend over, show him how to maintain balance by removing his hands from the steering wheel. To do this, grab the handles and drive the bike, ordering the student to release the steering wheel and sit straight. This example should encourage him to keep straight, instead of leaning forward.

You may need to hold onto the steering wheel and seat for a while to let the rider get comfortable, but don't let him rely too much on you! And do not forget to praise the student for any achievement, even the smallest.

Acceleration and pedals

After your ward learns to maintain his balance on a short distance, it is time to introduce him to the pedals. Ask the student to set the lead pedal to the “two o'clock” position by prying it with the right (or left) foot and bringing it to the bottom pipe.

You may need to help him and move the pedals with his hands. Remind the student that his left foot must be on the ground to maintain balance. Some people try to raise both legs while the bike is still not moving!

Now it's time to start riding. Tell the student to release the brakes and apply pressure to the right (or left) pedal while looking forward. At the expense of one or two he needs to try to put his left foot on the pedal, not looking down. Repeat the exercise several times until he can do everything right.

Self riding

As soon as the student understands how to keep his balance and pedal properly, ask him to try to ride without additional help. If a person is not yet able to control the pedals quickly enough, he may need a little push. After all, maintaining balance at low speed is quite difficult. Stay close in case the bike starts to wiggle apart and remind the rider to keep his hands on the brakes to stop quickly if necessary.

You yourself will understand when you can leave a student alone. You may need to remind him to pedal so that the bike continues to move. Some beginners too often apply the brakes, while others simply forget about them and cannot stop.

This is a very important moment in a person’s life, so give him (and himself) time to enjoy the moment.

Keep working with the student

Continue to practice with your mentee until he needs it. Always stop the lesson before the person becomes tired or bored. It’s better to stop training after little success than to continue until the person starts to get upset. His brain had never worked in such conditions before, so it takes time to process new information. You will be surprised to see how relaxed and confident a person can feel on a bicycle after a good rest. And the more a person believes in himself, the faster training will go.

Further steps

It may take some time before a person who has learned to ride on his own can turn the bike in the right direction. Remind him to look straight ahead and turn his head to where he wants to go, instead of looking at objects that need to be avoided.

After several trainings in the traffic-free zone, the newly-made cyclist will want to learn how to slow down and stop correctly, give signals, turn around and go around obstacles. He needs to master all this before going on the road. This concludes the first level of the national standard for training in cycling. Now the beginner is already able to ride in light traffic conditions. Then you can proceed to the second level, which includes traffic on quiet streets.

Find an instructor

Professional instructors are able to teach how to ride a bicycle for people of all ages and abilities. So we recommend that you contact one of them. If you yourself want to become an instructor, contact the companies that provide these services and find out when the next set of courses will take place.